Supercharge your Angular development experience with Nx

Supercharge your Angular development experience with Nx

Angular is a broadly used term that you must have been familiar with but Nx is a new term and something that is becoming popular in the software development industry. Before we proceed to learn about how Nx is used with Angular. Let’s learn a little about Nx.

What is Nx?

What is Nx?

Nx is a smart, fast, and flexible build system with top-notch monorepo support and powerful integrations. It has a robust core and a rich plugin ecosystem.

Now you must be wondering what Monorepo is?

A monorepo is a source control repository that contains code for multiple projects. It offers various advantages, such as:

Shared code- It allows the distribution of code throughout an entire business or organization. Since we can reuse the common patterns, components, and types, this can lead to more DRY code. This makes it possible to share logic across the front end and the back end.

Atomic changes – without the monorepo strategy, we would need to coordinate changes across many repositories and possibly by various teams whenever we need to make a change that will have an impact on numerous projects. For instance, a client app and a server app may both need to reflect an API change. Monorepo significantly reduces the amount of collaboration required because all of those changes may be implemented in a single commit to a single repository.

Developer mobility- While employing a monorepo strategy, we can conduct related tasks in a unified manner even when using different technologies. Now that their changes are secure across the entire company, the developers can contribute to the projects of other teams.

A single set of dependencies – We ensure that our entire codebase depends on a single version of the provided dependency by using a single repository with a single set of dependencies. In this manner, there are no library version problems. It is also less probable that the less frequently used portion of the repository will have a dependence that is no longer valid because it will be updated as other portions of the repository are updated.

 

Why do developers, startups, and big companies love Nx?

Why do developers, startups, and big companies love Nx?

 

  • Build and test only what is affected
    Nx is smart. It examines your workspace and determines what each piece of code might impact. Nx only rebuilds what is required, so it doesn’t rebuild and retest everything after every commit.

 

  • Explore visually
    An interactive dependency diagram for Nx is included to help you explore and understand your workspace.

 

  • Visual studio code plugin
    Nx Console adds Nx-aware autocompletion and code lenses. It helps you generate components in folders, refactor your projects, create commands, and much more.

 

  • Next-Gen cloud support
    Share links with your team members so they can look through comprehensive build logs and get insights on how to improve your project and build.

 

  • Nx is fast
    Whether you build one project or a thousand, Nx employs its distributed task execution and compute caching to maintain the same CI time.

 

  • Open platform
    The core of Nx is generic, simple, and unobtrusive. Nx Plugins are completely optional, but they can really level up your productivity. You can use Nx with any technology either by using Nx Core or one of the many Nx plugins.

Nx CLI

The Nx CLI differs from most command lines that accomplish a predefined task. Nx can be set up to work with a variety of tools and even languages.
It allows you to divide your codebase into different projects. The various components of the codebase can be operated and managed using commands from the Nx CLI.

These commands are classified into three categories:

  • Acting on code (Build, Test, Serve)
  • Modifying code
  • Understanding the codebase

 

Acting on code:

A target on a single project is executed via the nx run command. You can also run nx [target] [project], which is a shortcut for nx run [project]:[target], for convenience.

NX build, however, is not bound to any particular implementation; rather, it is simply an abstraction over what it means to “build” projects.

Modifying code

Modifying code: Code is generated and modified by the nx generate command.

nx generate command

The same as nx run, nx generate is merely an abstraction of code generation. Using generators, nx generate can produce anything you choose. In order to meet your organization’s needs, generators can be installed as a plugin or created natively within a Nx workspace.

Understanding the codebase:

Based on import instructions in your code, Nx builds and maintains a project graph across projects. It then uses this data to only run executors on the affected projects in a codebase. Developers can also access a visual representation of the project graph to better understand the codebase’s architecture.

You can explore this project graph in a web browser by using the nx graph command.

nx graph command

The nx list command displays a list of all available plugins as well as the NX plugins that are currently installed. The generators and executors that are available for a plugin can be listed by the nx list command.

nx list command

Mental Model

With a robust core, controlled by metadata, and extendable through plugins, Nx is a VSCode of build tools. Nx uses a few ideas to efficiently and successfully drive your monorepo. The mental model for how Nx interacts with project graphs, task graphs, affected commands, computation hashing, and caching is covered in these pointers.

  • Your source code can be examined by Nx to produce a Project Graph.
  • To generate a Task Graph, Nx can utilize the project graph and details about the project’s goals.
  • To construct the lowest task graph for your PR, Nx can undertake code-change analysis.
  • Nx offers calculation caching so that the same computation is never performed twice. This computation cache can be distributed and is pluggable.

Nx and Angular

For the Angular community and other developers attempting to manage ever-larger and more complicated development environments, Nx was developed to offer a better developer experience.

Making Things Fast

You don’t need to use any plugins if your main goal is to increase the efficiency of your monorepo by utilizing Nx’s affected commands, computation cache, and distributed task execution. Whether your monorepo contains React, Vue, Svelte, or even Go, Rust, or Java programs, everything will function in the same way. Nx is technology-agnostic.

Nx and Angular CLI

Ng and nx are interchangeable in an Angular CLI project if Nx is added (they invoke the same command). Therefore, you can substitute “ng build” or “ng affected” wherever “nx build” or “nx affected” are found.

Nx integrates well with the Angular CLI:

  • It decorates Angular CLI. Running ng will launch the wrapped Angular CLI that passes through Nx when you add Nx to your workspace. However, everything will move along much more quickly.
  • All Angular Devkit builders and schematics are supported.
  • It supports setting up projects and their targets using angular.json.
  • Angular CLI projects can use Nx Console.

 

People frequently don’t even realize they use Nx because this works so effectively.

Modern Tools

There are modern tools that help developers work more effectively and efficiently. These front runners provide support to Nx, such as:

  • Jest (replaces Karma)- A zero-config JavaScript testing framework called Jest puts simplicity first. Jest is an excellent option for JS developers searching for a powerful, modern testing toolkit because of its clear documentation and feature-rich API.

 

  • Cypress (replaces Protractor)- Cypress offers quick, reliable E2E testing for all browser-based software. Cypress features real-time reloads, readable errors and stack traces, time travel debugging, and more.

 

  • ESLint (replaces TSLint)- Your code’s issues are found by ESLint using static analysis, and many of them are automatically resolved in a syntax-aware way. ESLint can be fully customized; you can use it to preprocess code, create custom parsers, or write your own rules.

 

  • Storybook- Storybook is an open-source tool for designing UI components in isolation. It is an ideal platform for design systems that can be used across a complete brand, including apps created with a range of frameworks and libraries.

Final thoughts

Nx is useful for a wide range of other things as well. For instance, one of them is updating current AngularJS applications. Nx gives you a command to set up a hybrid app in seconds.

You may always contact us if you have any questions. We would be glad to help you!

 

Additional Resources:

https://github.com/nrwl/nx

https://nx.dev

https://monorepo.tools

https://nx.dev/packages/angular

Angular vs Vue vs React: Which One To Choose For Web Development?

Angular vs Vue vs React

Only a few years ago, developers were primarily debating whether to use Angular or React for their applications. However, recently, interest in a third player known as Vue.js has grown. In this blog post, we are going to dig deeper and explain to you the Angular vs Vue vs React with basic differences and which one you should choose for web development.

So, sit tight, this post will help you decide which JavaScript framework to use if you are a developer just starting out on a project or a startup looking to outsource your project.

Let’s take a look inside each of the three major front-end development frameworks to understand what makes them unique and where they excel. We want to shed some light on the topic of choosing the best framework and provide a solution to the primary question: “Which framework should I choose – Angular, React, or Vue.js, and why?”

A Brief Introduction of Angular vs Vue vs React

Before we get into the technical details, let’s first know about the frameworks to appreciate their philosophy and evolution over time.

AngularJS

AngularJs is a Google-developed open-source web framework that was first released in 2009. Furthermore, the framework functions as a JavaScript library that developers can use to create dynamic website features and components. Importantly, AngularJS was built to assist developers in the creation of Single Page Applications (SPA).

To clarify, SPAs are web applications that do not require page reloading. Google Maps, Facebook, and Gmail are examples of such apps. SPAs also have an excellent user experience due to the browser’s simulation of a “natural” environment. In other words, as the name implies, it is a single web page that uses JavaScript to load all of the application’s content.

Angularjs

ReactJS

Another famous open-source JavaScript library is ReactJS. Furthermore, some developers regard ReactJS as more of a library than a web framework. ReactJS is another one of those libraries that are created and supported by large tech businesses. Facebook is the entity behind the library in this situation.

The JavaScript library was launched by the social media giant in 2011 with the goal of assisting developers in solving difficulties linked to the efficient providing of massive data volumes.

ReactjsVueJS

VueJS is another prominent JavaScript-based web framework. Evan You, a former Google employee, designed it in 2014. After working with AngularJS, Evan wanted to create a JavaScript library that incorporated the advantages of AngularJS while being lightweight. Because of this, the two frameworks have a lot in common; nevertheless, VueJS has a less steep learning curve than AngularJS.

Vuejs

Angular Vs Vue Vs React in 2022

vuejs-vs-react-js-vs-angularjs

Image: source 

Some resources compile statistical data, such as which development environments are the most popular, which programming languages are the most popular right now, and so on. Stackoverflow, for example, published these numbers.

vuejs vs reactjs vs angularjs vs -stackoverflow

Image: Source

Vue.js is only in 7th place among the frameworks, although it is actively developing. Angular.js 2022 is more popular and is just one position behind React.js.

Let’s Understand Angular, Vue, and React On Different Parameters

Angular, Vue, and React On Different Parameters

Why and when should you choose Angular.js, Vue.js, and React.js?

Angular.js:

  • No one can deny the fact, Angularjs opinionated structure and a built-in set of functions are perfect for large-scale, real-time, and dynamic application development like chat apps, and instant messaging.
  • A well-formed structure along a broad set of enclosed features makes Angular highly appropriate for cross-platform mobile development and Enterprise applications

Vue.js:

  • Developing a light-weight and single-page web application is now the best bet for Vue.
  • If speed and performance are your priority, Vue would be your best choice.

React.js:

  • You should choose React if you’re working on a frontend UI that requires a lot of user interaction.
  • If your existing code base is getting out of hand, you should switch to React.
  • When used effectively, React may save a lot of time, effort, and money in frontend development.

Learning Curve

As per their background, developers will have varied points of view on which framework of the three is the easiest to learn.

Easiest learning Curve: VueJS

As per our opinion, VueJS is the most straightforward framework for most web developers to learn. As it is closest to HTML and JavaScript basics, it will feel familiar. Getting started with VueJS is as easy as adding one import to an HTML document. As you create more complex apps, VueJS does get more complicated. This needs working with .vue files, which needs a more complex project setup (although the Vue CLI can make this much simpler) and you will have to immerse into more complex patterns.

Steepest learning curve: AngularJS

As Angular uses TypeScript, which is a subset of JavaScript, its learning curve happens to be steep. The components, syntax, and modules that you use can appear quite different from the JavaScrip syntax that you are used to. Though angular has a lot of robust, built-in features which lead developers into certain coding patterns that can prove to be quite helpful in creating applications.

Medium learning curve: ReactJS

ReactJS has, what we say, a medium-to-steep learning curve. Though it uses an ‘everything is JavaScript’ approach, there are two conditions to ReactJS. First is that it works best with ES6 syntax, which can prove to be challenging for a beginner developer. The second is the use of JSX, which is a syntax hybrid of HTML and JavaScript and is not used for typical JavaScript projects. Because JSX looks like HTML, it can be difficult at first, but is still JavaScript, leading to some confusion in understanding the code.

So, the learning curve winner happens to be VueJS.

Angular vs Vue vs React: Who wins?

Let us review the characteristics of each framework at the end of this post to try to answer the question: Angular vs Vue vs React: which one should you choose?

Angular is the most mature framework, with a large community of contributors and a comprehensive set of features.
However, the learning curve is steep, and novice developers may be scared off by Angular notions.
Companies with large teams and developers that already use TypeScript should consider Angular.

React is just old enough to be mature, with a large number of community contributions. It has earned a lot of popularity. The job market for React is booming, and the framework’s future seems promising.
React appears to be a decent alternative for newcomers to front-end JavaScript frameworks, startups, and developers who value flexibility. Its ability to smoothly interact with different frameworks is a huge plus for individuals who want more freedom in their coding.

Vue is a newcomer to the market, with no substantial corporate support.
However, it has done exceptionally well in recent years to establish itself as a serious contender to Angular and React, particularly since the introduction of Vue 3.0. This could explain why Chinese behemoths like Alibaba and Baidu have chosen Vue as their preferred front-end JavaScript framework. If you want simplicity but yet want flexibility, Vue is the way to go.

To conclude…

The conclusion to the Angular vs. Vue vs. React discussion is that there is no absolute best choice, which you probably expected.

Each of these libraries has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. One of them will be more suitable than the others depending on the project you’re working on and your specific requirements. It’s crucial to conduct your own research before making a decision, especially if you’re working on a company initiative rather than a personal effort.

Which framework, Angular, Vue or React, do you believe is the winner here? Please let us know in the comments section below.