5 Ways AI can help in fighting Climate Change

By Shiva Gaur
July 31, 2019 | 1170 Views

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Climate change is one of the greatest threats to human life. Researchers are finding out ways to control extreme weather conditions and global warming. 

And yes, they have succeeded. 

They’ve found out innovative technologies, through their researches over the years, that can save our Mother Earth from the harsh weather conditions. 

They found several references and use-cases ranging from how to use AI and satellite imaginary to better monitor deforestation to developing materials to replace steel and cement (one of the biggest contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions).

But before that, we need to be more prominent and keen on finding the inefficiencies in emission-heavy industries and understand how to use AI to model complex systems to prepare for future changes.

Let’s find out where we can use AI, Machine Learning or other latest techs to help fight the climate change.

1. Build Improved Electricity Systems 

Focusing on building an improved electricity system is of extreme importance. For that to happen using the latest technologies like machine learning and artificial intelligence could help in allowing suppliers to better integrate renewable resources into national grids, reduce waste, and focus on electricity generation. Google and Deepmind have already started working on predicting the energy output of wind farms using AI. 

2. Prediction of Extreme Weather Conditions 

Most of the climatic conditions cannot be predicted as they are driven by hugely complex systems such as ice sheet dynamics and changes in cloud cover. But the use of AI can help find out the extreme weather conditions such as droughts and hurricanes so that the government can take measures accordingly. 

3. Creating New Low-carbon Materials

9% of the global emission of greenhouse gases comes from the production of concrete and steel. Using machine learning to reduce this figure will be a lot easier. 

How?

It helps to develop low-carbon alternatives to these materials. AI, on the other hand, help scientists to discover new materials which are a great alternative to steel and concrete. 

4. Monitor Agricultural Emissions and Deforestation 

Greenhouse gases aren’t just emitted by engines and power plants — a great deal comes from the destruction of trees, peatland, and other plant life which has captured carbon through the process of photosynthesis over millions of years. 

Deforestation and unsustainable agriculture lead to this carbon being released back into the atmosphere, but using satellite imagery and AI, we can pinpoint where this is happening and protect these natural carbon sinks.

5. Provide Individual Tools to Reduce Carbon Footprint

Individuals are also capable of taking meaningful action when it comes to climate change. All they need to do is make use of new technologies such as Machine learning to calculate an individual’s carbon footprint and flagging small changes they could make to reduce it. Individual actions such as reducing electricity usage and using public transport more often can create a big cumulative effect.   

Other Interesting Ways

Other ways in which we can fight climate change is the individual responsibility concept. This is one of the most effective ways in which we can not only help eliminate extreme weather conditions but also make our environment more clean and safe. 

Steps that we need to take make the transportation more efficient, and reduce the waste energy from buildings. Another way round is making our Earth more reflective, which sounds a little unrealistic. Scientists are hopeful about finding ways to make artificial clouds that are capable of reflecting the Sun’s heat back into space. 

This entire process could have side-effects as well, right now we don’t have much information to discuss it. However, technologies can help carve sustainable steps to help our efforts towards conserving nature.

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